South-South Cooperation vital to global action against climate change
6 December, 2015, Paris
The 2nd South-South Cooperation on Climate Change (SSCCC) Forum was held on Sunday in Paris to enhance communication and cooperation on climate change among developing countries.
The SSCCC Forum, first held in Lima in 2014 at the margins of COP20, serves as a key platform for advocating SSCCC and strengthening responses to climate change in the South and for the South. With more than 100 participants, including ministers, government representatives, principals of UN and other international organizations, the Forum promoted South-South cooperation as an integral part of the future climate architecture.
Minister Zhenhua Xie, China Special Representative for Climate Change, emphasized in the opening remarks the important complementarities of South-South Cooperation to North-South Cooperation and a way of demonstrating solidarity of the global South against climate change.
Hongbo Wu, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, introduced a few key areas for promoting SSCCC, including knowledge generation and knowledge sharing, technology transfer on sustainable energy and access to climate data.
“Many emerging economies are moving to the frontline of international climate policy; taking a lead in defining and implementing low-carbon, climate-resilient and sustainable development pathways,” resonated Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
The UN System in China was represented in the forum by UN Resident Coordinator Mr Alain Noudehou, who said that “the UN system supports China’s efforts to address climate change nationally and through South-South cooperation”. He reiterated that “to reach the real potential of South-South cooperation on climate change, three considerations would be critical. First, peer-learning is more effective among countries with similar conditions. It enables technologies and know-how to be adapted more readily to local needs and realities. Second, efforts will need to address gaps in institutional capacities in many developing countries so as to strengthen their abilities to implement tailor-made south-south solutions. Third, demand-driven South-South cooperation is more effective. Services or goods provided should address specific weaknesses or bottlenecks identified in the receiving country”.
Ministers and high-level governmental representatives from Costa Rica, India, Mauritania, Mongolia, Nepal and Switzerland shared their respective views and experiences on the role of South-South cooperation on climate change, and called for inclusion of a South-South dimension in all current and future initiatives and funding mechanisms under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), bilateral and multilateral alike.
Panelists at the high-level roundtable identified priority areas for SSCCC, such as ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation and mitigation. Panelists called for the establishment of new mechanisms for action, such as a Platform for Promoting South-South Cooperation on Climate Change.